Thanks for the reminder.
the Fitz was a poorly maintained boat that had been modified to hold way more taconite than it was meant to. People who served on it knew it made funny noises and had abnormal levels of flex in the hull that could be felt in waves and whenever thy tried to get it to turn. it's too bad the shipping company was able to blame the catastrophic hull failure on the captain crew and weather, thus avoiding the sort of payout that the families of the crew deserved.
NTSB report on the Edmund Fitzgerald sinkinghttp://www.uscg.mil/history/WEBSHIPWRECKS/EdmundFitzgeraldNTSBReport.pdf$$$ Required freeboard had been reduced by 39 and 1/4" by three different regulation rewrites in the preceeding six years. (page 8 linked pdf)$$$ Exemption granted to Edmund Fitzgerald on the minimum required elevation of hold vents above weather deck after the last freeboard reduction. (page 8 linked pdf)$$$ The cargo hold hatch covers not designed for conditions encountered (page 16 linked pdf)$$$ Design features caused over 15 inches of water to be retained on the entire deck at all times during the storm conditions encountered. This had the same effect as lowering the Edmund Fitzgerald's freeboard another 15 inches. (page 16 linked pdf)$$$ The design of the cargo hold permitted complete flooding due to lack of watertight compartmentalization. (page 17 linked pdf)$$$ Design features of the cargo hold prevented pumping water from the hold when carrying taconite. (page 17 linked pdf)$$$ Design features did not allow ship's personnel to monitor cargo hold flooding when loaded and in bad weather conditions. (page 17 linked pdf) RIP Michael E. Armagost 37 Frederick J. Beetcher 56 Thomas D. Bentsen 23 Edward F. Bindon 47 Thomas D. Borgeson 41 Oliver J. Champeau 41 Nolan S. Church 55 Ransom E. Cundy 53 Thomas E. Edwards 50 Russell G. Haskell 40 George J. Holl 60 Bruce L. Hudson 22 Allen G. Kalmon 43 Gordon F. MacLellan 30 Joseph W. Mazes 59 John H. McCarthy 62 Ernest M. McSorley 63 Eugene W. O'Brien 50 Karl A. Peckol 20 John J. Poviach 59 James A. Pratt 44 Robert C. Rafferty 62 Paul M. Riippa 22 John D. Simmons 63 William J. Spengler 59 Mark A. Thomas 21 Ralph G. Walton 58 David E. Weiss 22 Blaine H. Wilhelm 52